Thursday, February 9, 2012

John de Legh 1280-1324

Adlington Hall

Adlington Hall is a manor house in Cheshire dating back to Saxon times. It has been the home of the Legh family since 1315. It is a Grade I listed Building. Adlington started as a large manor held by the Saxon Earl Edwin. After the conquest it passed to Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, a nephew of William the Conqueror. The Domesday Book listed it as “Edulvintone”. Early in the thirteenth century, the manor passed to the de Corona family, who lived there for four generations. In 1315 Thomas de Corona granted it to his sister Ellen who had married John de Legh of Booths, with remainder to Robert, their second son and his heirs. Except for a twelve year period after the Civil War, the Legh family has lived there ever since. The Leghs of Adlington Robert de Legh (1308-1370) Robert de Legh (1330-1382) Sir Robert de Legh (1362-1408) Robert de Legh (1386-1415) Robert de Legh (1410-1478) Robert de Legh (1428-1487) Thomas Legh (1452-1519) George Legh (1497-1529) Thomas Legh (1527-1548) Thomas Legh (1547-1601) Sir Urian Legh (1566-1627) Thomas Legh (1593-1644) Thomas Legh (1614-1687) Thomas Legh (1644-1691) John Legh (1668-1739) Charles Legh (1697-1781) Elizabeth Rowlls Legh (1728-1806) Richard Crosse Legh (1754-1822) Thomas Legh (1795-1829) Charles Richard Banastre Legh (1821-1888) Caroline Mary Florence Legh (1873-1940) Cynthia Combermere Legh (1896-1983) Charles Francis Legh (1922-1992) Camilla Jane Corona Legh (1960- Source: Photograph by Albert John Swallow

John * de LEGH
Birth 1275, Booths Hall, Norbury, Cheshire, England
Marriage date unknown
Death date unknown
William * de Venables 1263 – 1300
Agnes * de Legh 1250 –
Spouse & Children
Ellen * DE CORONA 1275 –
Robert * DE LEGH 1307 – 1370

John Leigh (took mother's name), of Booths, Cheshire; married 1st Ellen, daughter of Richard Dent, of Cheshire, and had a son (John, ancestor of the Leighs of Booths); married 2nd Ellen, daughter of Thomas Corona, of Adlington, and had [Robert]. [Burke's Peerage]

Note: Magna Charta Sureties has John as son of Ellen de Corona. However the way Burke's Peerage has it would explain why Ellen de Corona's brother Thomas left Adlington to John & Ellen de Corona for life and then to Robert, who was presumably the first son of John & Ellen de Corona.

Legh of Knutsford Booths According to the Lysons, the Manor of Over Knutsford, alias Knutsford Booths together with Norbury Booths was purchased in 1300 from William de Tabley by John Legh, ancestor of the then proprietor, Willoughby Legh. John Legh was a younger son of William Venables of Bradwell by his wife Agnes, daughter and heir of Richard Legh of West Hall in High Legh. He assumed the name of his maternal grandfather but retained the arms of Venables.

Legh Family Lineage from William Venables on
The Legh family had several branches in Cheshire such as those of Lyme Park, Adlington, West Hall and East Hall at High Legh. A brief family tree from the 13th century is included here for the Legh family to show the connections with other branches of the family. It is taken from Ormerod, 2nd edition with corrections found in Appendix 4 "Additions and Corrections". Stuart Raymond, in Cheshire: A Genealogical Bibliography, Vol. 2 includes as a source Legh of Norbury Booths Hall, Cheshire, by J. Paul Rylands in Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 4th. series 1, 1906, 135-6 which contains family notes from a devotional book.
1. Sir William Venables, Knight, of Bradwall, 2nd son of Sir William Venables, Baron of Kinderton, alive in 1300.
+ Agnes, daughter and heiress of Richard de Legh of the West Hall, High Legh. (Her first husband had been Richard de Lymme and her son with him became Thomas de Legh of West Hall). William Venables and Agnes had a son John.
2. John de Legh of "Bothes" eldest son of William Venables, purchaser of Knutsford Booths some time before 28 Edw. I. (1300). He was known to be living in 1338.
+ Ellena, dau. of Sir William de Baggilegh and sister and coheir of John de Baggilegh and heir of her kinsman, Thomas de Corona. She was born in 1288.
3. Sir John de Legh of Knutsford Booths, Knight, eldest son and heir.
+ 1st wife of Sir John was Maude, daughter of Sir John Arderne of Aldford.
+ 2nd wife of Sir John was Isabel, (Note the main section on this family in Ormerod has Isabel as sister and co-heiress of John Baggilegh of Baggilegh but the corrections in the appendix state that her affiliation is unknown and the Baggilegh connection is placed in the previous generation where Ellena's description is changed to daughter of Sir William Baggilegh from daughter of Thomas de Corona.)
3. Robert de Legh, ancestor of the Leghs of Adlington, Annesley, Eggington, Lyme Birch, Ridge, Rushall, Longbarrow, Adlestrop, Stoneleigh, Newnham Regis and Stockwell. Living 10 Edw. II. (1317) and 1338.
3. Sir William de Legh, Knight, ancestor of Legh of Isall, living 9 Edw. II. (1316) and 1338.
3. Peter de Legh, ancestor of Legh of Bechton, living 9 Edw. II. (1316) and 1338.
3. Gilbert de Legh, living 1338. (Gilbert was said to be ancestor of the Leghs who assumed the name of Townley, in the main section of Ormerod's account but in the additions and corrections, it is stated that the connection of this Gilbert to the Townley's has been disproved as shown in the fourth edition of Whitaker's 'History of Whalley'.
I follow the line of the Legh of Booths. The years in Ormerod do not appear to be consistent or two generations have been confused. Further checking in alternative sources is required. However, this family is descended from the John de Legh of Booths shown above in generation number 3 and Isabel. According to the Lysons, the Manor of Over Knutsford, alias Knutsford Booths together with Norbury Booths was purchased in 1300 from William de Tabley by John Legh, ancestor of the then proprietor, Willoughby Legh. John Legh was a younger son of William Venables of Bradwell by his wife Agnes, daughter and heir of Richard Legh of West Hall in High Legh. He assumed the name of his maternal grandfather but retained the arms of Venables.
1. Sir John de Legh of Booths, Knight, aged 24 in 16 Hen. VI (1438) was killed in the Battle of Blore Heath, 38 Hen. VI (1460). He was great-great grandson of John and Isabel shown in generation 3 of the tree shown above.
2. John Legh of Booths, son and heir died 1470.
+ Emma, daughter and co-heiress of Robert Grosvenour of Hulme. They had one son and Emma subsequently married Raufe Egerton in 1474.
3. John Legh of Booths, Esq., son and heir, died 23 Edw. IV (1484)
+ Ann, daughter of Sir William Boothe, Knight, of Dunham Massey. (Ann married secondly Geoffrey Shakerley) John Legh and Ann had two daughters of which Elizabeth married Peter Shakerley and took with her the Hulme estate of her paternal grandmother. The Legh of Booths estate then went to John Legh's uncle, Peter Legh.
2. Peter Legh of Booths, heir in tail to his nephew, aged 30 in 2 Ric. III (1485).
+ Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Andrew Brereton of Brereton, Knight. They had four sons and four daughters.
3. Sir John Legh of Booths, knighted 1544, will of 1558.
+ Jane Sneyd, daughter of Richard Sneyd.
4. John Legh of Norbury Booths, Esq.
+ Jane, daughter of Sir William Brereton of Brereton. They had six sons and six daughters of whom we follow the eldest son.
5. William Legh of Booths, Sheriff of Cheshire in 1636 and died 1641.
+ Dorothy daughter of Geoffrey Shakerley of Hulme. They had one son and two daughters.
6. John Legh, died 16 April 1660 aged 59, buried Knutsford. He had three wives and the estate descended to the son of his third wife.
+ 3rd wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Stanley, Esq., of Alderley, married 14 August 1652, with whom he had three sons and a daughter.
7. Peter Legh of Booths.
+ Ruth, daughter and co-heiress of Robert Barcroft of Barcroft who had one daughter.
8. Ruth Legh, heiress, buried St. John's at Chester, 8 March 1715/16.
+ Thomas Pennington of Chester and Knutsford, baptised St. John's, Chester, 15 April 1680. He assumed the name of Legh.
9. Thomas Pennington Legh of Booths.
+ Helen, daugther of Sir Willoughby Aston of Aston
10. Peter Legh of Booths, Esq., born 4 March 1727/8 and died 12 August 1804.
+ Anne, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Peter Wade of Middlewich, Gent., born 22 June 1724, married 20 October 1744 at Knutsford. She died 13 October 1794 at Knutsford. This couple had four sons, of whom the first two died without issue before their father.
11. Willoughby Legh, Esq., of Booths, third son, born 25 May 1749, died unmarried, buried 18 January 1824 and succeeded by his brother.
11. John Legh, Esq., fourth son, initially of Bedford Square London then from 1824 of Booths. He was born 7 April 1752, became a barrister and died 16 March 1826.
+ Isabella, daughter and co-heiress of Edmund Davison of Wharton in Lancashire and of London. Married St. Dunstans, Fleet Street, 29 March 1792. She had three sons and a daughter and died in 1849.
12. Peter Legh, born 10 June 1794, died unmarried 29 August 1857.
12. John Legh, born 10 December 1795, died 30 January 1803.
12. Edmund Dawson Legh, MA, born 2 March 1801, in holy orders, died 7 March 1845.
+ Catherine, daughter of Sir Christopher Robinson.
13. John Pennington Legh, Esq., of Booths and of Ryde in the Isle of Wight, heir to his uncle, Peter Legh in 1857, was born 20 November 1827 and died 12 August 1888.

: 1270, Legh, Cheshire, England
Marriage: Elena de Corona
Died: 1324, Adlington, Cheshire, England at age 54 685
Another name for John was John de Venables.
General Notes:
Ormerod's History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, Vol. I p. 499, Vol. III, p. 661 Legh of Adlington Pedigree, alias, John de Venables, lord of Knottesfordbothes before 28 Edward I, ob. in or ante, Mar, 1325. 713~The Visitation of Cheshire, 1580, p. 145, as son of Agnes Legh and William Venables, married to Ellin, daughter and heir to Sir Willam Bauley. 763
Noted events in her life were:
• Background Information. 685 Ellen, daughter of Lucy de Corona, married Sir John Legh, son of Sir William Venables of Bradwell, and called "de Legh" from having been left to care of his mother, whose maiden name was Legh and which was also the name of the place where he was born, and where he lived untl his married. From this marriage, the Leghs of Adlington descended.Ellen's grandnephew, Thomas de Corona, was the last of his line, having no issue, and he gave a moiety of Adlington to John and Ellen Legh for life, with remained to Robert their second son, and his heirs, by a deed bearing date in ye early part of ye reign of Edward II. "Thomas de Corona grants to John de Legh and Ellen his wife, all his part of the manor and will of Adlington (except the lands which Margaret, his mother, and Lucy formerly wife of Hugh de Corona had in dower) to hold to said John andEllen for their lives." This John is probably the same who is called "John de Adlington" in a presentment against twelve persons for hunting in the king's forest with hounds and horns, and destroying deer, and finally joining in an affray with keepers, 13 Edward II. [Ormerod's History of Cheshire]In 17 Edward II, John de Legh being lately dead, Ellen his widow obtained a re-grant of Adlington manor, on her purchasing a pardon from the Queen. To this pardon a fair seal of Queen Isabella is affixed.Ellen de Legh continued in the enjoyment of the manor of Adligton until her dath in 26 Edward III. By an inquisition held the same year, it was found that she died seized of the manor of Adlington for life, held of the manor of Macclesfield, in chief, by the service of fourth part of a knight's fee, and that Sir John de Legh was her heir.John de Legh (Venables) and Elena (de Corona), his wife had four sons, John de Legh of Isall in Cumberland, from whom descended Sir William Legh, bart, lord chief justice of England, and the Leghs of Rowcliffe and Eggington; and Peter de Legh of Bechton, jure uxoris. Agnes daughter and heiress of Philip de Bechton. This latter had issue Margaret, who married Thomas Fitton of Gawsworth, and another daughter married to Thomas Davenport of Henbury. They were co-heiresses, and shared between them Bechton and other paternal estates. ~~Contributions Towards a History of the Ancient Parish of Prestbury in Cheshire, Adlington, and Legh of Adlington,pgs. 78-83
• Background Information. 763 John Leigh was the son of William de Venerables and Agnes Leigh. He took his mother's name, but bore the arms of the Venables. John married Ellen, heir of the Corona family. The gave the estate of the Corona family to their second son, Robert. The eldest son, John, became the ancestor of the Leghs of Booths. Their other sons were William, from who descended the Leghs of Isall in Cumberland, Peter of Becton, jure uxoris, and Gilbert.~Visitation of Lancashire and a Part of Cheshire: Made in the Twenty-Fourth Year of the Reign of King Henry the Eighth, A.D. 1533, Part II, pp. 152, 153
John married Elena de Corona, daughter of Sir William Baggiley and Lucy de Corona. (Elena de Corona died in 1353 in Adlington, Cheshire, England 685.)

No comments:

Post a Comment