Wednesday, March 29, 2000

Angella or Anyll Venables

Angella (Anyll) de VENABLES

Birth c. 1365 in Of, Kinderton, Cheshire, England
Death date unknown
Hugh De VENABLES 1296 – 1368
Elizabeth MOBBERLY 1310 – 1370
Marriage1386, Age: 21, to William BRERETON, Audley, Stafford, England
Spouse & Children
William BRERETON 1346 – 1426
   Elizabeth (Eleanor) BRERETON 1406 –

Anilla Venables
Birth Abt 1367 AKA Angella (Anyll) Venables
Died  date unknown
Father Hugh de Venables, baron of Kinderton, b. Abt 1330, Kinderton, Cheshire, England , d. 1379/1380, Kinderton, Cheshire, England
Mother Margery Cotton, d. date unknown
Family Sir William Brereton, Governor of Caen, b. Abt 1346, d. 1425, Brereton, Cheshire, England Married 1386
1. Sir William Brereton, Knight, b. c.1387, Brereton, Cheshire, England , d. Bef 1425, Harfleur, Seine-Maritime, France
2. Margery Brereton, d. date unknown
3. Hugh Brereton, d. date unknown
4. Matthew Brereton, d. date unknown
5. Elizabeth Brereton, b. c. 1412, d. date unknown

Sources [S21] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 1 p. 136, vol. 3 p. 792.

[ S286] #560 [1819] The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester: Compiled from Original Evidences in Public Offices, the Harleian and Cottonian Mss., Parochial Registers, Private Muniments, Unpublished Ms. Collections of Successive Cheshire, Ormerod, George, (3 volumes. London: Lackington, Hughes, Mavor & Jones, 1819), FHL microfilm 824313 Item 2., vol. 3 p. 51.

[ S34] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..
Anyill de Venables
Anyill married Sir William, Lord of Brereton, son of Sir William, Lord de Brereton and Ellena de Egerton, in 1386 in Audley, Staffordshire, England (Sir William, Lord of Brereton was born on 14 Feb 1348-1349 in Egerton, Cheshire, England , baptized in 1348-1349 in Malpas, Chesire, England and died before 31 Aug 1426 in Egerton, Cheshire, England


The Venables
The Venables Family (sometimes 'de Venables') hail originally from the town of Venables near Evreux in Normandy, and it was Gilbert de Venables, (also known as Gilbert Hunter), huntsman to the Dukes of Normandy, who first held the Barony of Kinderton in Cheshire for Hugh Lupus after the Norman Invasion of 1066. Other family members became Barons of Chester and of Warrington, and over time Venables became a prominent Cheshire and Lancashire surname, as did the anglicised version of 'Hunter'. The Domesday Book of 1086 shows Gilbert 'Hunter' holding Brereton, Davenport, Kinderton and Witton (Northwich) and Ralph Hunter holding Stapleford in Cheshire and Soughton in Wales. Later the family became Lords of the Manor of Middlewich.

Wincham Hall, recorded as 'Winundersham' in the Domesday Book, was given to Gilbert de Venables following the Norman Conquest, but it successively passed in and out of the Venables family's ownership through inheritance, married and sale over the following centuries. It survived until bombing in the Second World War destroyed it, after which it was finally demolished.

The family's influence and power throughout medieval Cheshire is evidenced by the wreath on the Coat of Arms of the Borough of Congleton, which are the heraldic colours of the Venables family, as do the Arms of Northwich where the ship shown above the shield shows on its mainsail the wyvern of the Venables family.

They held many other lands throughout Britain including Woodcote near Winchester, when, in 1677, the manor had been purchased by the Venables. The Venables family also purchased Antrobus Hall in Great Budworth sometime during the reign of King Henry IV - they resided here for many generations.

The Venables Family have a worldwide website and there are regular Venables family conventions held in England and in France. The Middlewich Festival, held in September each year, also acts as a gathering of the Venables family members from around the world.

Bio of Sir Richard de Venables (brother of Anyll Venables)
Sir Richard de Venables 
The forced abdication of Richard II, grandson of Edward III, and son of the Black Prince, brought to the throne in 1399 Henry IV, called Bolingbroke, also a grandson of Edward III, and a son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. In 1402, a Scottish invasion of England was repelled by the Northumberland Earl of Percy. A year later, Harry Percy, his son, called Hotspur, resenting the injustice of Henry IV toward his brother-in-law, Edmund Mortimer, associated himself with the Welsh rebel, Owen Glendower, who had proclaimed himself Prince of Wales in 1402. At the battle of Shrewsbury on June 21, 1403, Hotspur was killed and the forces of the king were victorious.

Sir Richard de Venables, born 1365, was the eldest son of Hugh de Venables by his second wife, Margery de Cotton. He became baron of Kinderton in 1383, and was sheriff of Cheshire in 1402-3. Allying himself with the Percys and Glendower, he fought against Henry IV and was taken prisoner at the battle of Shrewsbury. On the authority of Thomas Walsingham, living about 1440, and the author of Breves Historia, a history of England from Edward I to Henry V, Ormerod states that Richard de Venables (II) was beheaded 4 Henry 4, 1403.

By reason of his attainder, he was succeeded by his brother, William de Venables. Attainder in English law meant the state of being attainted, and the extinction of civil rights was brought about by sentence for treason. It involved forfeiture of all real and personal property and such “corruption of blood” as to render the person incapable either of receiving or transmitting an inheritance. The law was not repealed until 1870. Sir Richard de Venables, therefore, could not transmit the barony of Kinderton to his own son, and it was granted by the victorious Henry IV to his brother, William de Venables, who, however, settled it on his nephew, Hugh de Venables, the son of sir Richard de Venables.

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