Monday, February 28, 2000

John Sutton Baron I Dudley 1304-1359

John Dudley Sutton

b. abt  FEB 1304 Malpas, Chesire, England
d. 23 NOV 1359  France
   John Dudley Sutton 1290 – 1326
   Margaret Somery 1290 – 1384
   Isabelle de Charleton 1338 – 1396
   Thomas Sutton
    John De Sutton 1329 – 1357

Sutton Castle, later known as Dudley Castle

John de Sutton was given some land by the king, as a reward for John's services to the king. The land given to John was was known as Dudda Leah or Duddas Land, later changed to Dudley. When John took processions of this land, he became known as Sir John de Sutton, Lord Dudley. The Sir because he was a Knight, in the Order of the Garter; de Sutton to designate his origins; John was from a place called South Town, in Old English, called de Sutton -- Sut for the word South, Ton, for the word Town. Now "de" is a Spanish word, meaning "of," so he became John de Sutton, or John of South Town. John was called Lord Dudley, because he was the Baron over the land of Dudley. As a noblemen's social standings goes, a Baron was called a Lord. Just as a knight had Sir at the beginning of his name, a Baron would have Lord at the beginning of his name. Because John was owner and master of the land called Dudley, his title was Sir John de Sutton, Lord Dudley, Baron of Dudley. Now, here is where it gets confusing. John Sutton married Isabel de Charlton and had several children. When John died in 1359, Johns and Isabel's children stayed on the land, and at the time kept the Sutton name until around 1420, when they started using de Dudley as their last name. Later they drop the de off and started using just plain Dudley, as their last name, doing away with the Sutton name altogether. Now, these Dudley's kept the lands and Dudley Castle, and where called Lords of Dudley or Barons of Dudley, and are known in the Dudley family history, as the Second House Dudleys. In 1575 Queen Elizabeth stayed at the castle, and in 1585 it was considered as a possible prison for Mary Queen of Scots. In 1647, during the English Civil War, Cromwell's army demolished the fortress; what remained of the living quarters was destroyed by fire in July of 1750. The castle was originally Saxon construction, around 700AD, of a wooden castle on the site of today's ruinous remains.

                           Dudley Castle 1
Dudley Castle - The Keep


John Sutton Dudley  1304

Tomb of Sir John  de Sutton

 The effigy & tomb of Sir John de Sutton, a veteran knight, who died in 1358, depicted clad in the armour he wore in 1346 at the Battle of Crècy. The new church was dedicated in 1349, coincidentally the year of the Black Death, but Sir John's tomb was already finished and in place, ready for him, for some 8 years before he died. That's faith for you.


Sir John Dudley de Sutton Marriage

Sir John I de SUTTON Knight [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 was born 1286 in Worksop, Nottinghamshire, England. He died 1338 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England. John married Margaret de SOMERY on 1304 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England.
Margaret de SOMERY [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 was born 1286 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England. She died 9 1384 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England. Margaret married Sir John I de SUTTON Knight on 1304 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England.
They had the following children:
Fi Katherine de SUTTON was born 1305. MiiSir John II de SUTTON Knight was born 1310 and died 21 Nov 1359.


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