Monday, February 21, 2000

John Sutton Baron Dudley 1380-1406


b. 1380   Of, Coleshill, Warwick, England
    of, Dudley, Worcestershire, England 
d. 29 AUG 1406   in ,,, England
m. 10 Dec 1401  to Constance (Contatine) BLOUNT
    ,, Worcestershire, England — Age: 21
   John SUTTON BARON DUDLEY 1361 – 1395
   Alice Le DESPENCER 1364 – 1392
   Constance (Contatine) BLOUNT 1380 – 1432
   K.G John SUTTON LORD DUDLEY 1400 – 1487
   Thomas SUTTON (DUDLEY) 1403 –
   Humphrey (Dudley) SUTTON 1405 –

John Sutton Baron DUDLEY
Sir John de Sutton V (c. 1380 – 29 August 1406) was born at Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, or at Coleshill, Warwickshire, the son of Sir John de Sutton IV (6 December 1361 – 10 March 1395), Master[ disambiguation needed] of Dudley Castle and Alice Despencer, of Carlington (died 1392). John de Sutton IV was the son of Sir John de Sutton III (1339 – c. 1370 or 1376), Knight, Master of Dudley Castle, and wife (m. 25 December 1357) Katherine de Stafford (Staffordshire, 1340 or 1348 – December 1361). Katherine was the daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford and Margaret de Audley, 2nd Baroness Audley.

John de Sutton married Constance Blount (died September 1432), the daughter of Sir Walter Blount, of Barton, Derbyshire, who died at the Battle of Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403, and his wife Sancha de Ayala (died 1418), the daughter of Diego Gómez, Alcalde of Toledo and Inés Alfonso de Ayala. John de Sutton V's son was John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley.

Burkes Peerage and Baronetage (1939), s.v. Dudley
Information on Sir John Sutton from R. B. Stewart of My Lines
v · d · eRetrieved from

The Title of Baron Dudley
Baron Dudley    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Baron Dudley is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in circa 1440 for John Sutton, a soldier who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. According to Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage he was actually summoned to Parliament as "Johanni de Sutton de Duddeley militi", whereby he is held to have become Baron Dudley. The title is sometime referred to as Baron Sutton of Dudley. The peerage was created by writ, which means that it can descend through both male and female lines.

It is in fact arguable that the title arose even earlier, as his ancestor John Sutton (died 1359) had a writ of summons to the Council on 25 February 1342, but neither he nor his son (died c.1370), grandson (died 10 March 1396) or great grandson (all called John Sutton of Dudley) were summoned,[1] so that they can probably not be regarded as peers.

Lord Dudley's great grandson, the third Baron, managed to get himself severely into debt and lost the family seat of Dudley Castle to his cousin John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. He became known as "Lord Quondam" ("Lord Has-been" or "Lord Formerly"). However, Dudley Castle and the other family estates were restored to his son, the fourth Baron. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Baron, who like his grandfather came heavily into debt. To clear his debts he married off his granddaughter and heir, Frances, to Sir Humble Ward, the son of a wealthy jeweller. Frances succeeded him and became the sixth holder of the title. In 1644 her husband Humble Ward was created Baron Ward, of Birmingham in the County of Warwick, by letters patent.

They were both succeeded by their son, the seventh and second Baron respectively. On the death in 1740 of the latter's grandson, the tenth Baron Dudley and fifth Baron Ward, the two titles separated. The barony of Ward, which could only be inherited by males, was passed on to the late Baron's kinsman, the sixth Baron (see the Earl of Dudley for later history of this title). The barony of Dudley was inherited by the Baron's nephew, Ferdinando Lea, 11th Baron Dudley, the eleventh Baron. He was the son of Frances, sister of the tenth Baron, and her husband William Lea. However, on Ferdinando's death in 1757 the peerage fell into abeyance between his sisters. It remained in abeyance for 159 years, but in 1916 the abeyance was terminated in favour of Ferdinando Dudley William Lea Smith, who became the twelfth Baron. He was the great-great-grandson of Anne, sister of the eleventh Baron, and her husband William Smith. As of 2010[update] the title is held by his grandson, the fifteenth Baron, who succeeded his mother in 2002 (who in her turn had succeeded her younger brother).

The holders of the title (until 1740) were the owners of Dudley Castle and an extensive estate around it, including the manors of Dudley, Sedgley, Kingswinford and Rowley Somery in Rowley Regis. By the 16th century, their main home was Himley Hall. On the death of the tenth Baron in 1740, the barony of Dudley passed to a female-line heir (see above), whereas the main estates were entailed to follow the barony of Ward and passed to a cousin. However, certain estates that had recently been purchased passed with the title Lord Dudley to the aforementioned Ferdinando Dudley Lea, the eleventh Baron Dudley.

The family surname of the first five barons was formally 'Sutton', but in practice they seem always to have been called 'Dudley'. In title deeds and other formal documents, the surname often appears as 'Sutton otherwise Dudley'.

John de Sutton II (1310-1359), was summoned to the Council in 1342 as first Baron Sutton of Dudley

Sir John de Sutton III (1338–c.1370)

Sir John de Sutton IV (1361–1396)

Sir John de Sutton V (1380–1406)

Barons Dudley (1440)
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley (1400–1487)

Edward Sutton, 2nd Baron Dudley (1459–1532)

John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley (c. 1495–1553)

Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley (d. 1586)

Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley (1567–1643)

Frances Ward, 6th Baroness Dudley (1611–1697)

Edward Ward, 7th Baron Dudley, 2nd Baron Ward (d. 1701)

Edward Ward, 8th Baron Dudley, 3rd Baron Ward (1683–1704)

Edward Ward, 9th Baron Dudley, 4th Baron Ward (1704–1731)

William Ward, 10th Baron Dudley, 5th Baron Ward (d. 1740)

Ferdinando Dudley Lea, 11th Baron Dudley (1710–1757) (abeyant 1757)

Ferdinando Dudley William Lea Smith, 12th Baron Dudley (1872–1936) (abeyance terminated 1916)

Ferdinando Dudley Henry Lea Smith, 13th Baron Dudley (1910–1972)

Barbara Amy Felicity Hamilton, 14th Baroness Dudley (1907–2002)

Jim Anthony Hill Wallace, 15th Baron Dudley (b. 1930)

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Jeremy William Guilford Wallace (b. 1964)

See also:
Earl of Dudley

Duke of Northumberland (1551 creation)

Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
^ Burkes' Peerage s.v. Dudley, Baron; GEC, Complete Peerage.

Further reading:
Grazebrooke, H. S. 'The Barons of Dudley' Staffs. Hist. Coll. IX(2).

Hemingway, J. An illustrated chronicle of the castle and barony of Dudley. (Friends of Dudley Castle, Dudley,

Wilson, Derek A. The Uncrowned Kings of England: The Black History of the Dudleys and the Tudor Throne. Carroll & Graf, 2005.

Jayne Felthauseradded this on 23 Oct 2012

History of the Sutton Family
The following history on the Sutton family is from various sources including:

"Medieval Ancestors of Robert Abell" , "Kin of Mellcine Thurman Smith" and Al Myers.

01. Hervey De Sutton, Lord of Sutton upon Trent, near Tuxford, County Nottingham, gave the church of Sutton to the canons of Radford near Worksop, Notts. Various origins have been given for the Suttons, but it is clearly proved by a deed cited by Dugdale that they are from Nottingham Suttons in which John, son of him, who married Margaret de Someri, styles himself Johannes filius Johannis de Sutton super Trent, dominus of Dudley, etc., dated 12 of Edward III (1284). He had Robert, who died sine prole, Richard, who had an only daughter, and Rowland. "The Dudley Genealogies," James Henry Mason (Glendale, Cal.: 1987), p. 11." states that "Hervey de Sutton was a great-grandson of Hervey de Sutton, a Saxon tenant of Earl Allan at Sudton, or Southtown, in the fourteenth year of the reign of William I, The Conqueror, A.D. 1079.

02. Rowland Sutton was third son of Hervey. He ws Lord of Sutton Upon Trent and died by 1259. He married Alice de Lexington about 1215. They also had Robert, of Averham, Notts. in 1256 who m. (1) Alice and had Richard (a priest) and John (a priest); Robert m. (2) Isabel, dau. of Hugh Picot (q.v.) - their issue was Baron Lexington's house of Averham.

03. Sir William Sutton, born about 1215, died in 1268, seized of the manor of Worksop in Nottinghamshire. He married first Matilda, who was of record with her sister Alice in 1250. He married second Eva, who survived him and married second a Robert Paynell.

04. Sir Robert De Sutton, born about 1241, seized of the manor and advowson of Worksop, Nottinghamshire, the manor of Sutton, Notts., and Aston le Walls and Byfield in Northamptonshire. He married Johanna.

05. Sir Richard De Sutton, son of Robert and Johanna was born September 29, 1266, was living as late as 1346. He married Isabel Patric, (widow of Philip Burnel, by whom she had no children) who was dead by 1318.

06. Sir John De Sutton, Lord of Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, England, from 1326, died about 1359. He married Margaret De Somery, who died in 1384, the Baroness Dudley, sister and heir of John de Somery. From 1316-1320 he was engaged in wars in Scotland, and from 1318-129 he was in the retinue of his brother-in-law, John de Somery. He was accused of complicity in the rebellion of Thomas Earl of Lancaster against the king, and was extorted to give up all his right and interest in the castle and town of Dudley to Hugh le Despencer. In addition he gave up the manors of Sedgley, Swinford and Rowley-Somery, as well as other lands, not obtaining restitution until Edward III became king. He was knighted in 1326.

07. John De Sutton, son of John and Margaret. He married Isabel De Cherleton. He was in the war against the Scots (1333-1334) and had letters of protection dated April 8, 1333 while he was in the retinue of Ralph Basset of Drayton. He was a knight in 1338; he was summoned to Parliament in 1342. He was in the king's service in 1347, and was then called Lord of Duddeleye.' In 1350 he was sent with a relieving force from England to St. Jean de Angely; he was here summoned to advise the king as to the safety of the kingdom. In 1352 he was one of the commissioners appointed to array archers in Staffordshire. In 1359 John de Sutton, chevalier, was in the retinue of William de Bohum, Earl of Northampton, and died in France...." In addition to his heir, John, he had Thomas de Sutton who served in 1369 in France in the army of the Black Prince. He died on Friday before November 23, 1359.

08. Sir John De Sutton, son of John and Isabel was born about 1338. He died probably in France about 1369. He married (1) Katherine Stafford on December 25, 1357. He married (2) Joan Clinton after 1361. John was of full age as his father's death. He sold parts of Malpas in 1367 and was a knight, serving in the French war in 1369 (dying soon after).

09. Sir John De Sutton, son of John and Katherine, of Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, born at Coleshill in Arden in county Warwick, east of Birmingham on December 6, 1361. The wardship of this nobleman, he being in his minority at his father's death, was granted to Richard, Earl of Arundel, and sold to Sir Philip de Spenser in 5th of Richard II for 300 marks. He married (according to Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerage) 1st Margaret de Mortimer, but had no issue, and by 2nd wife, Joanna de Clinton, had John, his successor (Joan de Clinton was the daughter of Sir John Clinton, died 1355, and Joan, daughter of Sir Roger Hillary, Knight, son of Sir John Clinton, died 1325, and his wife Alice, daughter of Sir Robert Grendon, son of Sir John Clinton [and wife Isabel], brother of James Clinton, who was grandfather of the Petronella Clinton, who married John Woodward of Solihull of County Warwick.

10. Sir John De Sutton, son of John was born on February or March of 1379/80, He married before December 10, 1401 to Constance Blount. John was a knight and of Dudley Castle. He was 21 when the post-mortem insquisition was held of great-grandmother Isabella - at this time the lands and Castle were restored to him. He now held the manors of Sedgley, Kinswinford and Rowley-Somery in Staffordshire, and also Himley and Over Penn in the same county, attached to Dudley Castle. He also held lands in Tipton and the manor of Prestwood in the forest of Kinver.

11. Sir John De Sutton, Lord Dudley, aged 5 years in 8 of Henry IV, 1407. He was summoned to Parliament from 8 of Henry VI 1430, to 22 of Edward IV 1475, when he died. He had the honor of bearing the standard at the funeral of Henry V. In 1428 he was Treasurer of the Household and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. In 26 of Henry VI, in consideration of his services, he received a grant of an annuity issuing out of the part of the customs of London, and being one of the King's Counsel he was sent as an ambassador to the Duke of Brittany and later to the Duke of Burgandy. Toward the end of the reign his services were rewarded with the Order of the Garter about 1459. He was wounded at the battle of Bloreheath and for this he received several honourable trusts and offices from his sovereign. He was summoned to Parliament from 18 of Henry VI, 1440, to 3 of Henry VII, 1485, but this is not clear, as the different books give his grandson John for part of this time. Sir John Sutton married Elizabeth Berkeley, daughter of Sir John Berkeley of Beverstone, County Gloucester, by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Bettishorne. She died shortly before Dec. 8, 1478, and was buried in St. James Priory, Dudley. He died Sept. 30, 1487, in his 87th year. They had children: Edmund, married Joyce Tiptoft, who died in the lifetime of his father, and his son John succeeded his grandfather. John, who assumed the name of Dudley, Wm. Bishop of Durham, and three daughters, Margaret, Eleanor and Jane.

Dudley Castle
According to tradition a wooden castle was constructed on the site in the 8th century by a Saxon lord called Dud or Dado. Documentary history of Dudley castle begins soon after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is thought one of the Conqueror's followers, Ansculf, built the first castle in 1070. and that his son, William Fitz-Ansculf, was in possession of the castle when it was recorded at the time of the Domesday Book of 1086. Some of the earthworks from this castle, notably the 'motte', the vast mound on which the present castle keep now sits, still remain. However the earliest castle would have been of wooden construction and no longer exists. After Fitz-Ansculf, the castle came into the possession of the Paganel family, who built the first stone castle on the site. This castle was strong enough to withstand a siege in 1153 by the forces of King Stephen. However, after Gervase Paganel joined a failed rebellion against King Henry II in 1173 the castle was demolished by order of the king. The Somery's were the next dynasty to own the site and set about building the castle in stone starting in the second half of the 13th century and continuing on into the 14th. The keep (the most obvious part of the castle when viewed from the town) and the main gate dates from this re-building. A chapel and great hall were also constructed. The last of the male line of Somery, John Somery, died in 1321 and the castle and estates passed to his sister Margaret and her husband John de Sutton. Subsequently, members of this family often used Dudley as a surname. In 1532 another John Sutton (the seventh in the Dynasty named John) inherited the castle but after having money problems was ousted by a relative, John Dudley, later Duke of Northumberland, in 1537. Starting around 1540, a range of new buildings were erected within the older castle walls by him. The architect was William Sharington and the buildings are thus usually referred to as Sharrington Range. Dudley was later beheaded, for his attempt to set Lady Jane Grey on the Throne of England. The castle was returned to the Sutton family by Queen Mary. The castle was later visited by Queen Elizabeth I and was considered as a possible place of imprisonment for Mary, Queen of Scots. A century later, the castle became a Royalist stronghold during the English Civil War, and was besieged twice before its surrender to Cromwell's forces in 1646. Parliament subsequently ordered that the castle be partly demolished and the present ruined appearance of the keep result from this decision. However some habitable buildings remained and were subsequently used occasionally by the Earls of Dudley although by this time they preferred to reside at Himley Hall, approximately four miles away, when in the Midlands. The bulk of the remaining habitable parts of the castle was destroyed by fire in 1750. In the nineteenth century the site was used for fetes and pageants. -- Wikipedia, File: Dudley Castle -England-8.jpg

Dudley Castle 2007

Dudley Castle  - View of the Keep
from the Castle Court

No comments:

Post a Comment