Wednesday, May 31, 2000

Richard de Houghton 1260-1340

Hoghton Surname
The surname of HOGHTON was a locational name 'of Haughton' in the North and West Ridings of Yorkshire. There are endless towns, villages and hamlets bearing this name. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he lived, or from the land that he owned. This would identify the whole family, and followed them wherever they moved. Early records mention William de Hoctona de Hohton, who appears to be the first of the name on record in 1115, County Yorkshire. Symon de Howtone was recorded in 1279, County Lancashire. John de Haleghton, 1273 County Yorkshire. Willelmus de Halgton of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Houghton of Houghton, Lancashire, was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1621. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. A distinguished member of the name was Richard Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton (1809-85). He was the English politician and man of letters, born in London. He was M.P. for Pontefract and entered the House of Lords in 1863. He championed many causes through the House, and was a patron of many young writers like Tennyson and Thackeray. An eminent member of the name was William Stanley Houghton (1881-1913) the English dramatist and critic, born in Ashton-upon-Mersey. His best known works were 'The Dear Departed' (1908) and 'The Younger Generation' written in 1910.

The associated arms are recorded in Burkes General Armory Registered at Gunthorpe, County Norfolk.

Hoghton Family Pedigree History
General Statement of Hoghton family pedigree: The de Hoghtons are of ancient lineage, descended from Harvey de Walter, one of the companions of William the Conqueror, and through the female line from the Lady Godiva of Coventry, wife of Leofric III the Great, Earl of Mercia. After the third generation from the Norman Conquest, Richard and William de Hoghton first assumed the family name around 1150. The great-grandson, Sir Adam de Hoghton, was knighted and died in 1290.

Sir Richard de Hoghton 1316-1345, Knight of the Shire in the Parliaments of 1322-27-37. Married Sybilla de Lea, direct descendant of the Lady Godiva, whose lands in Lea still form part of the Hoghton Estates. Warden of the Ports, knighted by Edward III in 1336 and given permission to empark in 1327. It was from Lea Hall (his private residence), that Thomas Hoghton went into exile in 1569, having re-built Hoghton Tower 1560-1565.

Note: There is a Master Richard de Hoghton 1290-1316, Sheriff of Lancaster 1282, 1291 & 1301 mentioned in the brochure as a predecessor of this Richard. May have been an uncle

Sibyll de Lea and Sir Richard Houghton
See the accounts of Lea and Hoghton. Free warren was granted in 1284; Chart. R. 12 Edw. I, m. 4, n. 22. In 1324 Sir Richard de Hoghton and Sibyl [de Lea] his wife held the manor of Raven Meols by a service of 16s. 4d. for all services without puture, bode, or witness; Dods. MS. cxxxi, fol. 36b. Richard and Sibyl had in 1317 demised for life all their demesne lands here, with pasture and turbary in Ince, to William de Dudley and Richard his son; Add. MS. 32106, n. 734.

Sir Adam de Hoghton contributed 10s. to the aid of 1378 for the moiety and tenth part of a knight's fee in Raven Meols and Ainsdale with the members; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 421b.

In 1386, by a deed given at Raven Meols Sir Richard de Hoghton gave the manor to Henry his brother, son of Sir Adam, to hold during the life of Sir Adam's widow Ellen; Add. MS. 32106, n. 26.

In the Feodary of 1489 Alexander de Hoghton is stated to hold Raven Meols and Ainsdale for 16s. 8d. yearly; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Vols. cxxx, fol. xjb. In subsequent inq. p.m. the tenure of these manors is described as the tenth part of a knight's fee

Sibyll de Lee Birth 1263 in Banastre, Cheshire, , England
Sybell de Lea  Birth Abt 1263 AKA Sibyll del Lee Died date unknown, Europe: Royal and Noble Houses with Colonial American Connections
William de Lea, d. Yes, date unknown
Clemence de Banastre, b. Abt 1240, d. 1290
Sir Richard de Hoghton, d. 1340
1. Sibilla de Hoghton, b. Abt 1308, d. date unknown
2. Katherine de Houghton, b. Abt 1310, d. date unknown
3. Adam Hoghton, d. date unknown

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