Thursday, December 8, 2011

Adam Winthrop or Wynthorpe 1466-1498


Groton Manor - Adam Winthrop II 1498-1562 from

Groton parish was the birthplace of John Winthrop, founder of the city of Boston, and first governor of the state of Massachusetts. The church contains what is supposed to be his parents' tomb (although the inscription on it is modern) and his grandfather was Lord of the Manor here. Winthrop was the leader of the disillusioned puritans who fled England during the reign of Charles I. In a land of flint churches, Groton's church is flintier than most, as if carved from an agglomeration of the stuff. On the face of it, St Bartholomew is a relatively anonymous building, unusually so for this part of Suffolk, as a result of its fairly dour 19th century restoration. Some attempt has been made to cheer the place up since my previous visit six years ago, and the walls are now a fine Suffolk pink. But, despite its relatively uninteresting interior, the church has become a shrine for visiting Bostonians, and the recipient of considerable sums from its benefactor, 'The Winthrop family in America fund for Groton church'. Like all churches where money has not been much of a problem, there is very little evidence left here of the medieval life and liturgy of the building, but it is, of course, in an excellent state of repair. Essentially 15th century, the fine clerestory gives an unusually narrow feel to the nave. There is a curious squint from the porch into the south aisle. Elsewhere, much is 19th and 20th century, including the madonna in the north aisle niche which must have the Winthrops spinning in their puritan graves, and there can be few other churches in England with the heraldic symbol of a Native American chief featured in its ironwork. from

Adam Winthrop (Wynthorpe) was born around 1470 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England to Robert Wynethorpe. He married Jane (Joane/Joan) Burton (born about 1470) in 1498. Jane was born in Lavenham, Suffolk, England. She was the daughter of D Burten, Lord Burrell.Children of Adam Winthrop and Joan Burton:
i. Adam Winthrop, born October 09, 1498 in Lavenham, , Suffolk, England; died 1562 in Groton, Suffolk, England; married (1) Alice HENRY November 16, 1527 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England; married (2) Agnes Sharpe July 20, 1534 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England.
ii. Miss Winthrop, born Abt 1500 in London, London, England; married Richard Burd.
iii. Unknown Winthrop, born Abt 1500.
iv. Miss Winthrop, born Abt 1502 in London, London, England; married Whiting.
v. William Winthrop, born Abt 1504 in London, London, England; died March 01, 1580/81; married Elizabeth Winthrop.Adam died sometime after 1498. Jane then married a Ponder who were prominent clothiers in Lavenham. Jane died between 1501 and 1564 in Groton, Suffolk, England. from

Winthrop History
Adam Winthrop (1548-1623) was the father of John Winthrop (1588-1649), the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was the youngest son of Adam Winthrop (1498-1562), Master of the Clothworkers. Born in London in 1548, he probably spent some of his youth at Groton, in Suffolk, his father having purchased the former monastic manor in 1544 and taken up residence there in around 1552 . The elder Adam Winthrop died in 1562 and his widow, young Adam's mother, married William Mildmay. Young Adam inherited little land from his father. At the time he was enrolled in a private grammar school run by John Dawes in Ipswich. In 1567 he matriculated fellow commoner at Magdalene, Cambridge where he stayed for a few years, making friendships with John Still, John Knewstub, and Henry Sandes among others.
In 1574 Adam married Alice Still and around then presumably began legal studies at the Inns of Court. In 1575 the fellows of St John's College, where John Still was Master, appointed Adam steward of the college's Kentish manors. In 1577 his wife Alice died and two years later he married Anne Browne, son of Henry Browne, former clergyman of Groton. In 1584 Adam was called to the outer bar of the Inner Temple following a recommendation to the benchers from Robert Dudley, the earl of Leicester. He was one of the signatories of a declaration of loyalty to the Queen signed by the barristers of the Inner Temple in 1585. He was already active in the Groton area as a minor landowner and estate manager for his brother John, who had inherited Groton Manor. He also performed legal services for local landowners, including presiding over manor courts. Adam was one of the supporters of a lectureship at Boxford held by his friend Henry Sandes and was in contact with other members of the Dedham classis and also with John Knewstub, now at Cockfield and leader of a Suffolk classis. In 1592 he was appointed auditor of Trinity college and began annual journeys to Cambridge to check the college accounts. This appointment was undoubtedly due to the influence of John Still, who was Master of Trinity. Still was also archdeacon of Sudbury, presiding over the ecclesiastical jurisdiction that included Groton and Boxford.
Following his brother John's migration to the Munster Plantation in 1595, Adam assumed a larger role in local affairs. He would hold local offices such as overseer of the poor, coroner, and searcher for cloth, and served on commissions. Over time he had contacts with many of the leading families of the Stour Valley region and his son, John (born in 1588) would marry into the Clopton, Forth, and Tyndal families. Adam was also in contact with his nephew, William Alabaster, during the period of that individual's flirtations with the Church of Rome. Adam's own religious views were those of a reformer, in sympathy with the views of local clergymen like Knewstub, Sandes, and Richard Rogers. In this he followed the lead of his older brother William (1529 - 1582 ), a Londoner who was a friend of John Foxe, a churchwarden of St Michael's Cornhill, and who had extensive involvements with the stranger churches in London. Adam acquired numerous volumes of theology and practical divinity and shared them with clerical kin and friends. He continued to correspond with John Still after the latter became Bishop of Bath and Wells. Indeed, Adam briefly held an appointment as receiver for that diocese but does not appear to have taken up the responsibilities of the post. In 1610 his brother John sold Groton Manor to Adam's son John with Adam handling much of the detail and subsequently assisting his son in management of the estate. In 1616 both Adam and his son John were included on a patent roll listing of the Suffolk Commission of the Peace. This is the only such listing that includes Adam Winthrop. He died at Groton on 28 March 1623. from

Winthrop House
Winthrop History

John Winthrop
Descended from people who had first lived in England as far back as the Norman Conquest, the Winthrops first achieved real prominence through Adam Winthrop (Sr.) (1498-1562) who became lord of the Manor of Groton (Suffolk) and Patron of the Chuch under Henry VIII and was granted arms and the rank of Gentleman under Edward VI. The house name commemorates two of Adam Winthrop's descendants. John Winthrop (1588-1649), the grandson of Adam Winthrop, sold his home for reasons of conscience at the age of forty-one, left a relatively settled way of life and sailed for the unknown wilderness of New England. This first John Winthrop came to the New World in 1630 to serve as the leader of the Massachusetts Bay Company and served as the first Governer of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for over sixteen years. The second John Winthrop (A.B. 1732), a descendent of Governer Winthrop, was the Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy from the age of 24 until his death at age 65. Highly regarded as the first American astronomer, Winthrop served as the President of Harvard from 1773-1774. Portraits of the two can be seen hanging in the Winthrop House Library, and another portrait of Governor Winthrop hangs in the Dining Hall. The House crest is the Winthrop family coat of arms, a lion on a shield with three chevrons in the background.
The Architecture
Today, John Winthrop House consists of two buildings, Gore Hall and Standish Hall. Originally, the buildings were established in 1914 as separate freshman dormitories, and at this time, the current Library served as the Dining Room for Standich residents. The Architects for the houses, Coolidge, Shepley and Rutan, used more opulent English precedents for architectural accent when desiging the houses. For instance, Gore Hall was based on Sir christopher Wren's late-seventeenth-century garden facade of Hampton Court. Two gates connect Gore and Standish Hall. In the front entrance is the Winthrop Gate, which has the Winthrop family coat of arms welded prominently in the front. Facing the Charles River is the Fly Club Gate. Construction of the Fly Club Gate began in 1914 with a grant provided by the club's membership. Built on a more human scale than some of the other river gates, the gentle inward curve of this English Baroque gate conveys a sense of friendly beckoning. Its size and form mimic the Winthrop Gate, executed in the same year. In the Fly Club Gate, the judicious use of brick and picturesque wrought-iron detailing render the entrance less forbidding than, for example, the massive stone entrance and wrought-iron gate at Dunster House. The symbol of the Fly Club, the panther, is centered within the once polychromed ironwork above the entry. Inscribed below the symbol is the dedication: "For Friendships Made in College the Fly Club in Gratitude has Built this Gate."
The House System
The original construction of the freshman river halls, Standish and Gore, was intended to combat growing social and class schisms in the student community of Harvard. Lowell, the University President, hoped to create a sense of solidarity in students through concentrated housing. Any exaggerated social importance which the clubs might have assumed would be reduced, and any prestige attached to the Gold Coast seriously weakened. The new freshmen halls however, were only part of a plan that had long been in Lowell's mind: the house system.The two halls were unified as John Winthrop House under the implementation of the House system and through a generous gift to the college by Edward S. Harkness (Yale 1897), heir to a Standard Oil fortune. Harkness was long interested in education and supporting the creation of a house system similar to that of Oxford colleges. When Yale stalled in its efforts to enact a new housing plan Harkness could fund, Harkness turned to President Lowell. When Lowell described his plan, Harkness offered a gift of $11 million to fund seven new residential houses. The final arrangement of the River Houses then incorporated the earlier freshman dorms, creating Winthrop House from Standish and Gore Halls.
No two design plans were alike for the new houses. Exteriors and interiors bespoke elegance. "One ought to eat only venison, drink only champagne in the...dining room," wrote undergraduate columnist George Homans '32 of the new houses. The seven Houses' titles evoked Harvard History. Dunster, Eliot, Kirkland and Leverett bore the names of former presidents. Adams, Lowell and John Winthrop honored families long-involved with the College. When the houses were finally opened, nearly 90% of the student body elected to live in them. The House system was widely hailed as a forward step in American education.
Gore and Standish Halls
Standish Hall honors Captian Miles Standish (c. 1584-1656), a professional soldier and one of the minority of non-Pilgrims on the Mayflower. Mrs. Russel Sage, one of his descendants, donated the funds for this building as a freshman hall. Gore Hall, regarded by many as one of Harvard's "handsomest" buildings, celebrates Christopher Gore (A.B. 1776), a Harvard Fellow, Massachusets Governer, and Senator. Christopher Gore was born in Boston in 1758, the tenth of thirteen children of Francis and John Gore. Christopher served in the Continental Army as a clerk with the artillery regiment of his brother-in-law Thomas Craft. After the war, Christopher Gore pursued law. Gore was unquestionably bright and ambitious, but several factors helped the young lawyer's practice to flourish. Many of Boston's older lawyers were Tories, and by leaving the country, they left their clients to the younger generation. The Revolutionary War increased the city's wealth and also the demand for services such as Gore could provide. Christopher Gore's political career began in 1788 when he was elected to represent Boston at the Philadelphia constitution to ratify the new United States Constitution. A year later, George Washington apointed Gore as the first United States Attorney for Massachusetts. President Washington again appointed Gore to a diplonatic position in 1796. The Gores travelled to England and remained there for eight years while Christopher served on the Jay Commission that negotiated merchantile claims for American ships seixed or destroyed during the war with Britain. Gore also spent two months as charge d'affaires in London after his good friend Rufus King resigned from his post and before James Monroe, the new ambassador, arrived.
Famous Residents
Three of the Kennedy brothers, John, Joseph and Edward, lived in Winthrop House. President Kennedy's college suite is now furnished as a memorial and administered by the Institute of Politics to guests. from

History of Groton Manor, Suffolk, England
Groton Manor History
GinaAndrews74originally submitted this to Andrews Family Tree on 15 Jan 2008
The ancestral home of Richard Doggett in Groton, Suffolk, a Grade II listed historical property, stands about one-fourth mile north of St. Bartholomew's Church. The rectory or "personage" belonging to the church stood between the church building and the Doggett house. Because of extensive remodelling in the late eighteenth century, it does not have its original Tudor exterior, but certain interior features, including an extensively carved wooden ceiling that has been described as "exceedingly grand," are still visible. (Photo courtesy Susan Cooper.)
The home was originally constructed by persons unknown about 1450 on land belonging to the Abbey of St. Edmundsbury in nearby Bury St. Edmunds. It consisted of two separate buildings. Richard Doggett seems to have acquired the land and buildings from the Abbey at some later date and the first references to him in Groton are dated in 1520. The deed by which he acquired the property is not in existence, but his ownership was a freehold and not a feudal tenancy.Richard occupied the house until his death, which probably occurred about 1540 or soon thereafter, and the ownership of the property, known then as "Edmunds," passed to his son John. John resided at "Groton Place" until abut 1549, when he moved to Bures, a short distance to the west. About that time, the house was extensively remodelled. The two separate buildings were joined by a central hall, and the older wings were changed to create an "H" shaped residence. Richard's daughter Alice and her five children resided in the home. It is probable that her first husband, a Mr. Lappage, had died, leaving her to raise the children. When John left for Bures, the old, and newly remodeled home was available for her use. When she had come to the home is not known, and she may well have shared the home with John even before he moved.Soon thereafter, Alice married William More, a well-to-do resident of nearby Boxford, who apparently had no children, and who then moved to Groton and assumed a tenancy in the property from John. John died in Bures in 1564, leaving four children. In his will he devised the property to his son William the Younger, then only seven years old, and appointed William More, his brother-in-law as guardian of his three youngest children. More apparently took the children to Groton to raise until they became of age. When William More died only two years later, he transferred the guardianship of the children to Thomas Lappage, Alice's eldest son. It would appear that Thomas, then 32 years of age, was probably still living with his mother and stepfather, as he did not marry his wife, Agnes Gale, until 1567. In all probability, Thomas and family continued to live in the residence, at least until his mother was living and until John's children became of age.William Doggett, the younger, became of age in 1578, and apparently sold the property to his brother John about that time, or perhaps exchanged it for property in Boxford, where he settled. His wife-to-be, Avis Lappage, was the eldest child of Thomas Lappage, born in 1568. William and Avis probably both lived in Groton Place at the same time for about ten years, although Avis was eleven years his junior. John resided in the home until his death in 1619.In 1544, King Henry VIII, who had seized the lands of the Catholic monasteries, including St. Edmundsbury Abbey, granted the manor of Groton to Adam Winthrop, grandfather of Gov. John Winthrop of Massachusetts.
When John Doggett died, his heirs had no interest in the property, as they were residing elsewhere, and sold the property to John Winthrop, who seems to have made the property the manor house of the manor of Groton and resided in it until his departure for Massachusetts in the Great Migration of 1630. The Winthrop Papers contain a floor plan of the property.Some researchers have asserted that Adam Winthrop leased Groton Place and the adjoining rectory and glebe lands about 1549, when the remodelling took place, implying that Winthrop did the modifications, and that the property became the manor house of Groton Manor at that time. There does not seem to be any basis for these assertions, and probably result from the confusion of the names and descriptons of various properties in Groton, viz., Groton Manor, Groton Place, Groton House, etc. In fact, it is questionable whether Adam Winthrop ever resided in Groton, as he was well established in the nearby town of Lavenham, and although he was lord of the manor of Groton, he probably governed as an absentee landlord.When Winthrop left for New England, he sold the property to the Waring family of Groton. It passed through several hands and about 1785, the property was again remodelled. The original Tudor exterior was modified in the Georgian style, much in the manner it appears today, as shown in the above photograph.

Adam Wynthorpe
Adam Winthrop (Wynthorpe) was born around 1470 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England to Robert Wynethorpe. He married Jane (Joane/Joan) Burton (born about 1470) in 1498. Jane was born in Lavenham, Suffolk, England. She was the daughter of D Burten, Lord Burrell.Children of Adam Winthrop and Joan Burton:
i. Adam Winthrop, born October 09, 1498 in Lavenham, , Suffolk, England; died 1562 in Groton, Suffolk, England; married (1) Alice HENRY November 16, 1527 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England; married (2) Agnes Sharpe July 20, 1534 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England.
ii. Miss Winthrop, born Abt 1500 in London, London, England; married Richard Burd.
iii. Unknown Winthrop, born Abt 1500.
iv. Miss Winthrop, born Abt 1502 in London, London, England; married Whiting.
v. William Winthrop, born Abt 1504 in London, London, England; died March 01, 1580/81; married Elizabeth Winthrop.
Adam died sometime after 1498. Jane then married a Ponder who were prominent clothiers in Lavenham. from

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