Tuesday, July 5, 2011


[Ancestral Link: Marguerite Anderson (Miller), daughter of Hannah Anderson (Anderson), daughter of Mary Margaret Edmiston (Anderson), daughter of Martha Jane Snow (Edmiston), daughter of Gardner Snow, son of James Snow, son of Mary Trowbridge (Snow), daughter of James Trowbridge, son of William Trowbridge, son of James Trowbridge, son of Thomas Trowbridge.]

Thomas Trowbridge Window

Arches of St. Mary Arches
24 March 1627, Exeter, Devon, England
Interior of church in which Thomas Trowbridge and Elizabeth Marshall were married.

St. Mary Magdalen Church
1672, Taunton, Somerset, England
Exterior of St. Mary Magdalen Church, burial place of Thomas Trowbridge, 1598-1672

St. Mary Magdalen Church
1672, Taunton, Somerset, England
Interior of St. Mary Magdalen Church where Thomas Trowbridge (1598-1672) is buried.

St. Mary's Arches
24 March 1627, Exeter, Devon, England
Church in which Thomas Trowbridge and Elizabeth Marshall were married.

Castle Taunton
3 April 1652, Taunton, Somerset, England
Castle Taunton where Thomas Trowbridge was granted ownership of two parcels of land.

Thomas Trowbridge (1597-1672) by Paul L. Nichols1597-1672, England and New England
This story comes from the research notes of Paul L. Nichols.
"As a young man, Thomas Trowbridge settled in Exeter where he was engaged in business as a wool mercer. He became a member of the powerful Merchants and Adventurer's Guild. His wife Elizabeth Marshall's father, John Marshall, was sheriff, alderman and mayor of Exeter (1615) and her grandfather, Richard Bevys (Beavis), in addition to his political offices, was a successful merchant. It was probably through these connections that Thomas was able to gain entrance to this Guild.

Possibly in hopes of furthering his fortune, Thomas decided to take his family to America to set up his business there. He apparently did not intend to make the American Colonies his home because he left his oldest son, John, with his father in Taunton. He landed his family at Dorchester, Massachusetts in about 1636. He and his wife are noted in Dorchester church records as 'Mr. and Mrs.' Trowbridge, a distinction confined at that time to persons of established gentility. His wife was a member of the Dorchester church in 1637-38 and their youngest son, James, was baptized there. Thomas and Elizabeth must have found it a considerable hardship to live in the newly settled town of Dorchester, accustomed as they were to the comforts of a city like Exeter. Additionally, there was considerable friction among differing factions within the church.

Thomas and his family left Dorchester in about 1638 and moved to the New Haven Plantation. His name does not appear among those subscribed to the articles of agreement at the organization of the church or body politic there in June, 1639. He may have been absent from New Haven at the time or this Fundamental Agreement, as it was afterwards called, required that "church members only shall be free burgesses". He may not have been eligible to sign it for there is no evidence that he ever severed his connections with the Church of England and became a member of the Puritan Church.

In the list of Proprietors of the Plantation in 1641, he was credited with five heads in his family. They were: himself, his wife, and three sons, Thomas, William and James. His estate was given as £500, a large sum for that place and time and it was among the larger of the 123 estates mentioned in the listing.

He appeared to have spent very little time in New Haven, making several voyages to Barbados and England in pursuit of his business. His wife died in about 1641, possibly in the spring or summer. He returned to England about this time, possibly to settle her estate and intending to send his sons at a later date. No record has been found proving the exact date he left, but it was before the fall of 1641. When he returned to Taunton he got caught up in the English Civil War which started about that time. He served as a Captain in the Parliamentary Troops, serving under Colonel Blake in the defence of Taunton. He never returned to America.

Some sources say that he married his first cousin, Frances Trowbridge Godsall, widow Shattuck in England.During his final absence, Thomas left his sons under the care of his steward, Henry Gibbons, who appeared to be an unfaithful servant who seized Thomas' property and deserted the three boys. Town records show that the boys were declared wards of the Colony in November, 1641, and the court placed them under the care of a nearby neighbor, Sergeant Thomas Jeffreys and his wife, who took them into their home to rear and educate until 'such time as their father shall come over or send to take order concerning them.' Thomas regularly corresponded from England to the authorities in New Haven to bring Gibbons to an account for his breach of trust, but Gibbons kept the property for many years. When the Trowbridge boys came of age, Thomas gave them power of attorney to regain his property from Gibbons. The sons sued Gibbons and were Successful in reclaiming their father's estate in 1680 which he had previously given them on a share and share alike basis. Gibbons himself died without issue."
found on ancestry.com

Thomas Trowbridge (1600-1672)1600 to 1672, Somerset, England and Massachusetts
Thomas was named in his father, John's nuncupative will 1 July 1649 as "eldest son". When he moved from Taunton to Exeter, he was fined for freeman 12 pounds. John, his son and heir, remained in England, while Thomas and William emigrated with their parents to Dorchester, Massachusetts. The fourth son, James, was born there. From there, they moved to New Haven where the mother, Elizabeth, died. The three children remained in New England when their father returned to Exeter to marry, by license, the widow Frances Shattuck on 10 February 1640. She, his cousin, was the daughter of Dorothy, the daughter of Thos. Trowbridge Sr. When Taunton was besieged by the royalists, Thomas served as captain in Cromwell's army. He gave his New England sons power of attorney there for property on 14 January 1664. He and his sons traded to the Azores from both sides of the Atlantic. He was buried at St Mary Magdalen Church, Taunton, Somerset on 7 February 1672
found on ancestry.com

Biographical sketchFrom New England Families, page 1211-12, Google Books, Thomas came to Dorchester, Massachusetts with his wife and two sons (Thomas and William), perhaps in 1636, and appeared to have been affluent as they are recorded as "Mr. and Mrs." His wife is mentioned in church records in 1638, and James was baptized in the Dorchester church in 1637 or 38. In 1639 he moved to New Haven, Connecticut, where in 1641 he shows up in records with "five heads of families." His business was shipping, and his fortune seems to have been large for the day. He returned to England in 1641 and left his estate under the direction of Henry Gibbons--who promptly took as much as he could until finally Thomas Junior was able to recover everything. Thomas Sr. died in England and his wife died in Connecticut.

When Thomas Sr. left, the boys, (Thomas Jr., William, and James) were, in April of 1644, in such sorry state regarding access to their estate that the town placed them under the care of Sargent Thomas Jeffrey and his wife "to be well educated and nurtured in the fear of God." Thomas Jr. became an active citizen and businessman and probably served in King Phillip's War.
found on ancestry.com

His Life: Thomas Trowbridge3648. Thomas Trowbridge was born 8 February 1597/1598 in Taunton, Somersetshire, England. He was buried 7 February 1671/1672 in St Mary Magdalen, Taunton, Somerset, England. Thomas married Elizabeth Marshall on 20 December 1624 in St Mary's Arches, Exeter, England. [Parents]
THOMAS TROWBRIDGE, born circa 1600, and named in his father John's nuncupative will 1 July 1649 as "eldest son" (PCC pro. 25 February 1649/50) when he moved from Taunton to Exeter, where he was fined for freeman 12. On 20 December 1624, according to registers of St. May Arches he m. Elizabeth Marshall. In his own parish of St. Petrocks were born to him: 6 March 1627 Elizabeth; 5 November 1629 John; 11 December 1631 Thomas; September 1633 William. The child Eliz. d.y. and John, the s. and h., remained in England, died 1653: local will, naming John Maiming of New England, merchant, Wm. Davis of Muskeeta, Newfoundland, implied that he had sailed the sea with father (vide Trowbrdge Family). Sons Thomas (Jr.) and William emigrated with parents to Dorchester, Massachusetts, where James Trowbridge was born; they moved to New Haven, where Elizabeth the mother died. Three children remained to have large families. Thomas Sr. returned to Exeter to remarry, by license, widow Frances Shattuck 10 February 1640 in St. David's church. She, his cousin, was daughter of Dorothy, daughter of Thos. Trowbridge (Sr.) of Taunton. Thos. Jr. paid 4 subsidy at West Muncton, nr. Taunton. By 1643 they were back in New Haven, a family of 5, rated at 5OO. When Taunton, under colonel, later admiral Robert Blake, was besieged by the royalists, Thomas served as captain in Cromwell's army, 1645. Later, he supported a wounded soldier's pension claim at Taunton Court of Sessions. He gave his New England sons power of attorney for property there 14 January 1664. He and they traded to the Azores from both sides of the Atlantic. He was buried at St. Mary Magdalen Church, Taunton, Somerset, 7 February 1672. (Trowbridge Family (1872); The Gen, cit).
-From: Ancestry of Bob and Mary Beth WheelerMary Beth Wheeler
Thomas Trowbridge removed from Taunton, England where he was born, to Exeter in Devon and established himself there as a mercer. He married an Exeter girl in 1627. "In the Exeter records, his marriage license appears as follows: '26 March 1627 Mr. Thomas Trobridge and Elizabeth daughter of Mrs. Alice Marshall widow married, Jeremy Short parson.'" [William Richard Cutter, "Genealogical and Family History of the State of Connecticut," Vol. I, (Orig. publ. New York, 1911; repr. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1997), pg. 210.]

The ancestry of Thomas Trowbridge can be traced back to Hugh Capet, King of France, died 996 and his wide, Adelaide of Poitou, through Thomas's mother, Agnes Prowse. See Ancestors of American Presidents, pp. 191-192.

Thomas was one of the early settlers of Dorchester, Massachusetts, and of New Haven, Connecticut, a merchant engaged in the Barbados trade from January 1637 to 1639. He came from Taunton, Somerset, where his father had established a charity for poor widows which was still being administered in the mid-19th century. He was at Dorchester in 1636, where his wife became a member of the church in 1638. Their son James was baptized there in 1637 or 1638. They are referred to in Dorchester records as "Mr. and Mrs." a distinction confined at that time to persons of gentility. He was likely a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company there, the name 'Thomas Strawbridge, 1638' likely a misspelling of his name. Thomas removed his family to New Haven 1639-1641 and appears in the census of 1641. His estate is given at 500 pounds, a large sum for the time, and his household consisted of 5 persons (he, his wife and 3 surviving sons. Records seem to indicate that his wife had died by the end of 1643, possibly in 1641.

He returned to England about 1641-1644 and left his 3 sons in charge of Sergant Thomas Jeffries who came from the vicinity of Taunton, England and appears in probate records at New Haven, Connecticut and was at Dorchester 1634 and New Haven 1637 or 1638. Thomas sailed for England leaving his houses, goods, lots and estates and chattel in trust with his steward, Henry Gibbons, who kept possession of Thomas's estates at New Haven for many years. It appears that Thomas never returned to New England.

In 1662, 18 years later, sons Thomas, William and James obtained power of attorney from their father, making his property over to them jointly and severally, and they sued Gibbons for possession. The suit was finally settled by Gibbons making a deed of property to Thomas, Jr. to take effect after the death of Gibbons.

Thomas, Sr. died at Taunton, England 1672, apparently never having returned to New England.

"The Ancestry of Lorenzo Ackley and his wife Emma Arabella Bosworth," N.G. Parke and D.L. Jacobus, 1960, pg. 136 speculates that Thomas may have been born about April, 1598, although provides no basis for the speculation. A baptism record has not been found. He was the eldest son and the date is a reasonable possibility.
found on ancestry.com

Thomas Trowbridge in AmericaTROWBRIDGE, THE FAMILY THAT HAS DONE ITS FULL SHARE IN THE BUILDING OF AMERICA1980 by George Nas (edited and revised 2004).
The Trowbridges first arrived in America in 1636 when Thomas Trowbridge, a woolen merchant from Taunton, England, and his family settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts Bay colony. Finding the political and religious climate intolerant, he moved his family to New Haven, Connecticut Colony a few years later. Following the death of his wife, Elizabeth Marshall, Thomas returned to England in the 1640s. He would later participate in the English Civil War, on the side of the Parliamentary forces known as the "Roundheads" against King Charles I of England. He left his sons Thomas, James, and William behind, who started one of the earliest families to settle New England. By 1730, David Trowbridge, a grandson of William Trowbridge, moved out of New Haven Colony with his mother Ann Sherwood, and his step-father Caleb Fairchild, and their family, and settled Hanover, Morris County, New Jersey. As an adult, David would later homestead a part of Morris county that became known as Trowbridge Mountain, according to Morris Plains historian Julia Beers, purchased land from the Indians. That area became known as Trowbridge Mountain according to Francis Bacon Trowbridge:, "because David, his sons, and grandsons built their farms there." Later, several of David's sons left Morris County, and settled in other parts of the country, especially what was then known as the Northwest Territories (Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, etc.), Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Tennessee. In fact, many of the Trowbridges that now live all over the United States are his descendants.The Trowbridge direct line goes back to:Thomas Trowbridge. He was the primitive ancestor of a very large majority of the Trowbridges in America. He came to America in the seventeenth century, from Taunton, Somersetshire, England. He first arrived at the colony of Massachusetts Bay. With some of the Massachusetts Bay Colony laws not being favorable to sane, the Trowbridges moved to the plantation of New Haven, in the New Haven Colony.Thomas' son, Thomas Trowbridge II was a very enterprising man and became very successful. By 1662, having built Warehouses and Warf Inc., timbering out land on the Common for the building of a vessel, he had became a prominent merchant trading with England, the West Indies, the Sandwich Islands and many other ports. Eventually came the ownership of many sailing ships, which sailed out of New Haven Connecticut and businesses were established, land was purchased, plantations, formation of companies. At New Haven the Union Wharf Co. was established. He purchased several acres of land from the neighboring Indians. The Indians who sold the land to Thomas T. are on record in New Haven CT. In 1673, with the prospect of war with the Dutch, Thomas Trowbridge was appointed commissary for the New Haven Colony to fit out the troops. He was a confirmed lieutenant with the Conn. troops and probably saw active service in King Philip's War. He was treasurer of the town from. 1679-1680. In later years he was chosen Townsman and held office for 8 years. He acted as agent and purchased much of the land for the town, from the Indians, thus ending Indian ownership within the boundaries of the town of New Haven. Later, the Trowbridge name was considered to be the head of the West India Business in the United States. Thomas also purchased land in the newly acquired colony of New Jersey, mostly as an investment.

George Trowbridge served on board the ship Constitution during the War of 1812 when the famous battle took place with the Guerrier.
Elihu Trowbridge was chosen for the position of one of General George Washington's life-guards in 1776 during the revolution. He served for nine months.
There were more than 100 Trowbridges who served during the Revolutionary War at both land and sea.
During the Civil War a regiment could have been formed with those who had the Trowbridge name alone. All of these were from privates to high-ranking officers.
Going back to Thomas Trowbridge, there were also direct descendants in the Trowbridge family that served with the Confederate armies.
They fought in the Black Hawk wars, Seminole wars, and the Spanish American war. World War I, World War II and in Vietnam.
 Many were ranch owners and cowboys as well.
They went west during the gold rush of 1849.
There were authors, many books were published.
There were famous Doctors, a music composer in New England, bridge builders, manufacturers, participants in the building of the Erie Canal, in the management capacity.
There was also a Congressman {Ebenezer Rowland Trowbridge},
Many Trowbridge ministers of different faiths; there were sheriffs, a Texas Ranger, pioneers in covered wagons.
Wilber E. Trowbridge was a Sgt. at Fort Yates D.T. in charge of guarding Chief Sitting Bull after his surrender in 1884.
Capt. Roswell Trowbridge captured by British at sea.
Trowbridge's, Early tavern owners. Benedict Arnold, when transferred in Colonial Army, a Trowbridge took his place.
Thomas Trowbridge, challenged to a duel with pistols by Benedict Arnold.
Stephen Trowbridge with the Green Mountain Boys under Ethan Alien during the Revolutionary War.
Capt. John Trowbridge with troops in Morristown, Morris County, New Jersey, New Jersey. Huts in winter of 1779-80.
John Townsend Trowbridge, famous 19th century American writer and poet.
Trowbridges, some sea captains, and some seamen lost at sea and never heard of again. A Trowbridge who prospected in the West and all the Pacific State Territories.
W. O. Trowbridge, Civil War Veteran, worked on Union Pacific R.R. until completed.
Trowbridges, war with Mexico, 1847.
Early Trowbridges in England - Back to approx. 1100 A.D.
Peter De Trowbridge, listed as the Barton (Baron) of Trowbridge during the reign of King Edward I approx. 1300 A.D.
Trowbridges in America, Early New England colonies and settlements.
Professor John T. Trowbridge taught at M.I.T.
William Petit Trowbridge, General with Army Corps of Engineers during the Civil War.
Trowbridges, Ships and Shipping and Bombardier - peacetime and war time during early wars.
Gilbert T. Trowbridge, 3 years on whaling vessel.
George T. Trowbridge, Co A. 27th. Connecticut Infantry in Battle of Gettysburg.
Early shipping and adventures of the Trowbridges of the New Haven Colonies.
Harold Rutherford Trowbridge - Mountain Climber.
Miles M. Trowbridge - Color Bearer Co. "C", 1st. Wisconsin, during Civil War.
Caleb Trowbridge at 14 joined Co. M. 1st. Conn. Vol. Rode with the cavalry and participated in most all of Sheridan's Campaigns during Civil War.
Trowbridges extensive business and land holdings in the British West Indies.
There were Trowbridges who were Townsmen and Leaders, schoolteachers, college professors, and inventors.
Dr. Amasa Trowbridge was a professor of Surgery in 1834.
The Honorable Charles C. Trowbridge, Special Indian Agent. Personal involvement with land purchases from the Indians Early Explorations and Expeditions in the Wisconsin and Michigan areas. Traveled in birch bark canoe. The true story relating to Charles C. Trowbridge is incredible.
General Luther S. Trowbridge was associated with General George Armstrong Custer on several occasions. A Lt. Col. during the Battle of Gettysburg, his horse was killed under him while leading the charge of the 5th Michigan Cavalry.
Col. Charles Tyler Trowbridge led the first all black Union Army regiment during the Civil War (predating Col. Shaw's regiment.)
There were Trowbridges at the 1st battle of Bull Run and there were Trowbridges present during the surrender at Appomattox. There were surveyors, even one with the Powell expedition. Railroad officials, a telegraph operator in the Yukon.
Frederic O. Trowbridge in 1891 before he was 16 joined the cavalry and served three years with Custers old regiment-the 7th US Cav. Co
H.Jonathon Trowbridge was a traveling companion of Daniel Boone.
Judge Edmund Goff Trowbridge presided over the trial of the four British soldiers who participated in the Boston Massacre of 1770.
Winston S. Trowbridge was appointed in 1852 to United States Consul for Barbados and adjacent Islands, by President Fillmore with credentials from Queen Victoria.
In writing about sons of the Trowbridge family, many who were early settlers and pioneers in America mentioned above, were all our ancestors. There is substantial documentation and information to prove this is true.
"1982, George S. Nas, whose mother was a Trowbridge from Randolph (Trowbridge Mountain), Morris County, New Jersey.
found on ancestry.com

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